The scriptures teach that all persons will be resurrected with bodies of flesh and bones. This was made possible by the Atonement of Jesus Christ, he being the first to be resurrected, even the only one who could be first!
The Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Let us read of the glorious event that occurred on that first Easter morning.
On the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcher.
And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:
And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.
And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified.
He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.
And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him: lo, I have told you.
And they departed quickly from the sepulcher with fear and great joy; and did run to bring his disciples word. (Matthew 28:1-8)
Later in the day, Jesus appeared to the Apostles who beheld he was resurrected.
And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.
And he said unto them, why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have. (Luke 24:36-39)
The resurrected Christ stood before them with a glorified, perfect body of flesh and bones! To further demonstrate that his resurrected body was real, he ate food.
And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat?
And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb.
And he took it, and did eat before them. (Luke 24:41-43)
At a later time, as recorded in the Book of Mormon, Jesus appeared to the Nephites and showed them his resurrected body. He asked the people to feel his body, that they might know that he was the resurrected Christ.
And it came to pass that the Lord spake unto them saying:
Arise and come forth unto me, that ye may thrust your hands into my side, and also that ye may feel the prints of the nails in my hands and in my feet, that ye may know that I am the God of Israel, and the God of the whole earth, and have been slain for the sins of the world.
And it came to pass that the multitude went forth, and thrust their hands into his side, and did feel the prints of the nails in his hands and in his feet; and this they did do, going forth one by one until they had all gone forth, and did see with their eyes and did feel with their hands, and did know of a surety and did bear record, that it was he, of whom it was written by the prophets, that should come. (3 Nephi 11:13-15)
The Apostle Paul taught that Jesus’ resurrected body was eternal, that is, that Jesus would never die again.
Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him. (Romans 6:9)
Since death is the separation of body and spirit, Jesus must have his resurrected body today; if not, he has suffered death a second time. That Jesus still has his resurrected body is corroborated by the testimony of two angels who were present when he ascended to heaven after being with the disciples for 40 days.
And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.
And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;
Which also said, ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. (Acts 1:9-11)
They saw him leave with his glorified, resurrected body and we will see him come with that body.
The Resurrection of Everyone
Jesus was the first to be resurrected, but he was not the only person to rise from the grave. Others were resurrected and testified to many.
And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,
And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. (Matthew 27:52-53)
The Apostle Paul testified that through Adam physical death entered the world, and that through Jesus Christ everyone will be resurrected.
But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first fruits of them that slept.
For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? (1 Corinthians 15:20-22,55)
Paul Expressed his hope that both the righteous and the unrighteous will be resurrected.
But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets:
And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. (Acts 24:14-15)
Further, Paul taught that our resurrected bodies will be like the Savior’s resurrected body, that is, glorified flesh and bones.
Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. (Philippians 3:21)
Although people were resurrected after the resurrection of Christ, most of us will be resurrected in one of two general resurrections.
Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice,
And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life, and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation. (John 5:28-29)
The righteous will be resurrected at the beginning of the Millennium.
For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.
For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.
For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. (1 Thessalonians 4:14-17)
The wicked will be resurrected at the end of the Millennium.
But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. (Revelation 20:5)
In that verse, when John said “This is the first resurrection”, he was not saying that the first resurrection consisted of the resurrection after the Millennium. He was referring to the previous verse in which he had described those who would live with Christ during the Millennium.
The Judgment of God
The time will come when we will stand before God and give accountings of our lives and then be judged by him for our use of our agency. Jesus spoke of this judgment.
But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you. (Matthew 11:22)
But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. (Matthew 12:36)
Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn. (Matthew 13:30)
For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works. (Matthew 16:27)
The New Testament Apostles taught of a judgment.
And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead. (Acts 10:42)
And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?
Who will render to every man according to his deeds:
To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life:
But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,
Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile. (Romans 2:3,6-9)
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad. (2 Corinthians 5:10)
And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment. (Hebrews 9:27)
Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead. (1 Peter 4:5)
And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints.
To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him. (Jude 14-15)
And behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. (Revelation 22:12)